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Frio County TX
Frio County

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"Home of the Potato Fest"

Frio County Seat, South Texas

2853'29"N 995'42"W (28.891458, -99.094873)

I-35 and FM 140
50 miles SE of Uvalde
55 miles SW of San Antonio
41 miles W of Pleasanton
100 miles N of Laredo
ZIP code 78061
Area code 830
Population: 10,609 est. (2019)
9,146 (2010) 7,157 (2000) 6,924 (1990)

Book Hotel Here > Pearsall Hotels
Pearsall Texas - 1906 Birdseye View of Pearsall from Courthouse Tower
1906 birds eye view of Pearsall from the Courthouse Tower
Click on image to enlarge
Old Photo courtesy Dan Whatley Collection

History in a Pecan Shell

The town's name was taken from the vice president of the International-Great Northern Railroad Thomas W. Pearsall.

Travelers between Frio Town and Pleasanton in the 1870s stopped for water at a place called Wagner's Well. The International-Great Northern Railroad bought the land around the well and in February of 1882 the railroad platted the town of Pearsall.

As in many other Texas towns, one formerly prosperous town (in this case the county seat of Frio Town) abandoned their homes (and courthouse) to move closer to the railroad tracks and a connection with the rest of the world.

Excursion trains came from San Antonio to entice people to buy lots in the new town. Two years after being platted, Pearsall had 700 people and had been declared the new county seat.

They also had a school, churches and weekly newspaper known as the Pearsall News.

A fire burned much of downtown, but in 1890 there were 1,000 Pearsallians.

In 1907 the Frio Cotton Oil Company was founded and also the Pearsall Artesian Well Company, which provided the town with electricity.

A bank was opened in 1908 and the city incorporated in 1909.

In 1914 Pearsall's population had climbed to 2,000 and amenities included several newspapers, stores, and the 500-seat Laurel Opera House.

In 1936 Pearsall's population was 2,536.

Oil was discovered in the 1930s, so the town didn't fare as poorly as other places. Most of Pearsall's roads were paved in 1947.

In 1980 Pearsall had an estimated population of 6,450. In the early 1990s the town had something of an oil boom.

Pearsall Texas - Oak Street
Oak Street, Pearsall, Texas
Click on image to enlarge
Old Photo courtesy Dan Whatley Collection

Pearsall, Texas
Attractions & Landmarks
Photo Gallery

Frio county Courthouse entrance, Pearsall Texas
Photo courtesy Terry Jeanson January, 2005
Frio County Courthouse

Pearsall TX - Frio County Jail

Photo courtesy Terry Jeanson, December 2009

Frio Pioneer Jail Museum
Old Frio County Jail

The oldest building in Pearsall

Houses the Pearsall Chamber of Commerce- 830-334-9414

Pearsall, Texas - People's State Bank old photo
People's State Bank
Photo circa 1920 courtesy George C. Toalson

Pearsall Tx - Pearsall Presbyterian Church
Pearsall Presbyterian Church
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1971

Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2009

Pearsall Tx - Presbyterian Church historical marker
Pearsall Presbyterian Church historical marker
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2009

Historical Marker: Pecan Street and Comal Street, Pearsall
Pearsall Presbyterian Church
Organized on March 31, 1884, in home of Mrs. Mary Dorsey. Elders: Dr. J. R. Boyd, James Ferries, James Thompson; Trustees: C. W. Gribble, R. J. Harkness, J. S. Powell, E. B. Rutledge, James Thompson. First pastor was the Rev. W. S. Wright. Church structure was dedicated on December 8, 1885. The oldest church building in continuous use in Pearsall, this has its original pulpit, communion table, pews. In 1970 church became ecumenical.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1971

Pearsall Tx Church

Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2009
More Texas Churches

Pearsall Texas - Oaks Theatre
Oaks Theatre
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2009

More Texas Theatres

Pearsall Texas - Pearsall Cemetery
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2009

Pearsall Texas - Pearsall Cemetery
Pearsall Cemetery
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2009

More Texas Cemeteries

Pearsall Tx - Closed Silos
Closed Silos
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2009

See Texas Grain Elevators

Pearsall Tx - Feed Ghost Sign
Red Chain Feeds Ghost Sign
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2009

Pearsall Tx - Good Neighbor Pharmacy Ghost Sign
Good Neighbor Pharmacy Ghost Sign
Photo courtesy Sarah Reveley, September 2010

More Texas Ghost Signs

Pearsall Tx - Bird House
A birdhouse? No, a siren (See Forum)
Photo courtesy Sarah Reveley, September 2010

Pearsall Tx - Car House
Photo courtesy Sarah Reveley, September 2010

Pearsall Texas - Quonset
Quonset Hut
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2009

Frio County Ranch near Pearsall, Texas
"Sal And Lillie Armstrong on Frio County Ranch near Pearsall in 1906 (year they left for Big Wells)"
- Photo courtesy Bill Armstrong

Pearsall, Texas cotton gin

Cotton gin in Pearsall
Postcard courtesy Harrison Burks & Mr Smith
See Cotton in Texas | Texas Cotton Gins

Pearsall, Texas Forum

Subject: "Birdhouse" picture in Pearsall
Hi, Sarah, Thanks for the pictures of things in Pearsall that you submitted to TexasEscapes. However, I think I must tell you that the "birdhouse" is not a birdhouse at all, although it seems to be very attractive to birds. In reality, it is a siren that was formerly used to summon volunteer firemen to the fire station. It was also used to warn residents of Pearsall about impending severe weather events or even air-raids (during World War II).

By the way, the People's State Bank building is now home to Garcia's Restaurant instead of the Cactus Bowl. A bar and gaming room is on the second floor. It seems to be very popular with the multitude of oil-field workers and residents of the area.

I enjoyed your website. Thanks again. - George C. Toalson, December 05, 2011

Subject: People's State Bank

"The [top] photo shows the People's State Bank and, on the second floor, the Laurel Opera House. Unfortunately, I have no information about the occasion surrounding this gathering of the townsfolk, nor of its date, although I believe it to be about 1920. In later years a third floor was added to this building, and it eventually housed the A & C Hardware store. Today (April 2006) it is home to the Cactus Bowl Cafe, which moved from its former location at the corner of North Oak and Rio Grande streets in 2005." - George C. Toalson, April 28, 2006.

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TE photo, July 2001

Frio County TX 1920s map
1920 Frio County map
From Texas state map #10749
Courtesy Texas General Land Office

Take a road trip

South Texas Towns

Pearsall, Texas Nearby Cities & Towns:
Uvalde | San Antonio | Pleasanton | Laredo
See Frio County

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