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COLFAX, TEXAS

Van Zandt County, North Central Texas
FM 16
About 8 Miles SE of Canton
Population: 44 est. (2010) 35 (2000)

Colfax, Texas Area Hotels > Canton Hotels

History in a Pecan Shell

Colfax began as a church community named Cold Water. A combination church / school sponsored by Elisha Tunnell necessitated a change of name in the late 1870s. Known as Tunnell’s Chapel, various private homes served as an area post office until the early 1880s when a proper post office opened. Named after Schuyler Colfax, the U.S. Vice President, the name has remained Colfax ever since.

Colfax remained a “church community” with little or no commercial growth due to its prximity to Canton. The post office closed its doors in 1905.

Between 1885 and 1895 the communiuty reported 30 residents, slowly growing to 100 at the onset of the Great Depression. The town peaked in the 30s with several businesses, a school, and three separate churches.

When the nearby Van oilfield was discovered in 1929, a new school district was organized, absorbing Colfax’s school. The brick building was demolished and the population slowly declined – reaching a mere 28 residents by the late 1960s. A count in 1974 showed 35 residents – the same number used for the 2000 census.

Colfax, Texas
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