ship had run aground on a mud flat, his water and food supplies were exhausted,
and he curled up on a pile of rope to die.|
That was more than 300 years
ago. No one is certain of his name, but today his bones rest among the titans
of Texas history on a hillside in the Texas State Cemetery in Austin.
Texas Historical Commission archeologists discovered the sailor's skeletal remains
during the 1996 excavation of French explorer Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle's
ship, the Belle, which sank in Matagorda Bay in 1686.
the bones in the bow of the ship was a pewter cup with the inscription, "C.
Barange," and a small water cask. Archeologists know from historical documents
that the crew of the Belle ran out of fresh water awaiting the return of La Salle
from his search for the mouth of the Mississippi River.
made a great contribution to Texas history," said THC Chairman John Nau III.
"He was one of the first European settlers in America and he has taught us
much about his lifestyle through the things he and his shipmates left behind."
THC archeologists recovered more than a million artifacts from the sunken Belle,
including bronze cannons, beads, pottery, coins, cutlery and the ship's hull.
Salle and his crew had hoped to maintain French control over the Gulf of Mexico
and lay claim to Louisiana, but problems plagued the colonists. One of La Salle's
four ships was lost, another ran aground, and a third sailed home to France.
Salle and the remaining crew members established Fort St. Louis near what is now
The Belle and its supplies sank off the Texas coast during a violent storm with
at least one crew member still aboard.
La Salle left the coastal area
and headed east with several men to find the Mississippi River. Somewhere in what
is now East Texas, he
was killed by his men and buried. The site is unknown.
tests revealed that the sailor was between 35 and 45 years old, stood five feet
and four inches tall, was arthritic and had suffered a broken nose. Researchers
completed a full facial reconstruction of the man, which included three-dimensional
imaging of the skull performed by technicians at the Scottish Rite Hospital for
Children in Dallas.
The information was used to generate an exact model
of the skull. Experts at the University of Michigan School of Art and Design produced
a facial reconstruction of what the man would have looked like.
Texas State Cemetery|
of historians, state officials and news people gathered in the Texas State Cemetery
for the funeral service the sailor never had|
As I sat watching the rites
by a Catholic priest, it suddenly struck me that the lonely French sailor had
achieved a distinction no one else in Texas can claim.
His remains are
now the oldest ever buried in the State Cemetery.
Things Historical |
3 , 2004
A syndicated column in over 40 East Texas newspapers
Provided as a service of the East Texas Historical Association.
Bob Bowman is a former president of the Association, a member of the Texas Historical
Commission, and the author of 30 books about East Texas.