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    The Texas State Cemetery

    "The Arlington of Texas"
    Austin, Texas

    by Raoul Hashimoto

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    Texas State Cemetery Entrance
    Entrance to the
    Texas State Cemetery
    TE Photo, October 2001
    The cemetery can be entered through several gates, but we suggest the main entrance on Navasota Street. Dedications and information have been artistically sandblasted into the natural sandstone walls.

    A small museum at the entrance houses artifacts (mostly personal items of former governors) and gives information on other notable early cemeteries around Texas. A detailed printed guide is available as you begin your walking tour. A detailed living guide is available for groups with prior arrangement.

    The Texas State Cemetery is a mandatory stop for anyone with the slightest interest in Texas history. This pantheon of Texas heroes, near-heroes and dubious heroes is a sort of living history book - except that there are no pages and only the caretakers and squirrels are living.
    Confederate cemetery, Austin Texas
    The Confederate dead
    TE Photo, October 2001
    The resemblance to Arlington National Cemetery is immediately apparent due to the uneven terrain and row upon row of plain white tombstones (recently cleaned and reinstalled). The stones lack the rigid uniformity of Arlington, but Texas has always avoided rigid uniformity.

    While many of the dignitaries had their remains exhumed and reburied here; it wasn't necessary to move the graves of the rank and file soldiers since Austin had been the host city for the State Confederate Veteran's home.

    The cemetery would not be the exceptional historical garden that it is today if it were not for the tireless efforts of Louis Kemp. Kemp was a state employee who worked for the Texas Department of Transportation and it was his idea to gather the bodies of men and women who had contributed to Texas' history. Kemp, too, is buried on the grounds in appreciation of his efforts.

    Some noteworthy residents of the cemetery and their monuments follow:

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    Bigfoot Wallace' tombstone
    Bigfoot Wallace's Marker
    TE Photo

    Bigfoot Wallace

    The headstone for William Alexander Anderson Wallace sits very near the base of the Stephen F. Austin Statue. Wallace, for some reason doesn't have his Christian names inscribed on his tombstone. Length may have had something to do with it. Wallace's Texas adventures were exaggerated, inflated and twisted into outrageous legend - and that was just when he would introduce himself.

    He arrived in Texas to avenge a brother and cousin who were killed in the massacre of Fannin and his men at Goliad. He joined the Somervell/ Mier expeditions and participated in the black bean death lottery where he drew a white bean - and was spared. He and the other "winners" were then taken on a well-escorted tour of Mexican prisons.

    After his release he carried the mail from San Antonio to El Paso and eventually retired to the banks of the Medina River where his neighbors renamed the town of Bigfoot, Texas in his honor.

    (See Texas Personality: Bigfoot Wallace)

    Stephen F. Austin statue by Coppini
    An unusual pose for
    Stephen Fuller Austin
    TE Photo
    Stephen F. Austin
    The statue of Stephen F. Austin that commands the hill in the southwest corner is by the Italian born Pompeo Coppini. Coppini had a studio in San Antonio for many years and his contributions to Texas sculpture are spread across Texas. The somewhat unusual pose of Austin's statue is due to it's original planned location. It was originally to be placed at Congress Avenue and the river. His outstretched arm is not meant as a salute, but to show off the main street of the city that bears his name.

    See Remembering Austin by Mike Cox

    Joanna Troutman statue by Coppini in Texas State Cemetery
    The Joanna Troutman Statue
    is also a Coppini work
    TE Photo
    Joanna Troutman

    routman: This statue of the woman who has been called the Betsy Ross of Texas was also the work of Coppini. Ms. Troutman had died in her native Georgia (without ever visiting Texas) and her remains were moved here in 1913.

    James & Miriam Fergusons tombstone
    A pair of ex-governors
    TE Photo
    James & Miriam Fergusons
    The Fergusons: The only husband-wife team of governors Texas has ever had. Their beautiful stone is situated not far from the more minimalist gravesite of their nemesis Dan Moody (and wife). Moody defeated Miriam "Ma" Ferguson in the 1926 election. Moody, a World War I veteran, served as Texas Attorney General and investigated the Ferguson's questionable awarding of highway contracts.

    Edmund Jackson Davis

    Edmund Jackson Davis, the Reconstruction Governor has his grave marked by the tallest marker in the cemetery (erected by his brother). Probably the most reviled man ever to be in the Governor's mansion - Davis would tell you if he could - that the feeling (at least toward Confederates) was mutual. The obelisk's position and size is meant to irritate the Confederate dead. His reluctance to leave the Governor's Mansion after his term was up is another embarrassingly true Texas legend.

    General Albert Sidney Johnson't tomb in Texas State Cemetery
    General Albert Sidney Johnston's Tomb
    TE Photo
    General Albert Sidney Johnston

    The unusual recumbent statue of Albert Sidney Johnston (inside the tomb above) was carved by the "Madwoman of Austin" Elizabet Ney. Her model for the sarcophagus is on display in her former studio/ home in Austin's Hyde Park district.

    Johnston was killed at Shiloh after being shot in the femoral artery. He bled to death while still mounted and giving orders. Johnston was a special hero to Texans since he had served as Texas Secretary of War under Lamar.

    His glass-enclosed grave shed (with a modern Plexiglas cover) is the most elaborate structure/shrine in the cemetery.

    John Wharton bust
    John Wharton in Bronze
    TE Photo
    John Wharton

    The bust of John Wharton is not far from that of General Johnson, however Wharton didn't die on the battlefield. He was killed in a Houston tavern by a soldier who thought Wharton had wronged him. The bust is by noted sculptor Enrico Cerracchio - the artist of Sam Houston's Equestrian statue in Houston's Hermann Park.

    Viola Gay Barnes marker
    A Devoted Caretaker
    A marker in appreciation of
    Viola Gay Barnes

    September 11th Memorial, Austin, Texas
    September 11th Memorial

    After entering the main gate of the cemetery the memorial is about 150 yards directly in front of you across the pool.

    TE Photo, 9-04
    grave markers in Texas State Cemetery
    A few of the other markers of Texas Governors, statesmen and characters
    TE Photo
    This concludes our visit to the Texas State Cemetery. We have covered only a portion of the grounds and encourage those visiting Austin to include time for the State Cemetery.

    Texas' shortest highway - SH 165 runs through the State Cemetery.
    Related Articles

  • September 11th Memorial
  • Sailor's Burial by Bob Bowman (from "All Things Historical")
    Texas Historical Commission archeologists discovered the sailor's skeletal remains during the 1996 excavation of French explorer Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle's ship, the Belle, which sank in Matagorda Bay in 1686. His remains are now the oldest ever buried in the State Cemetery.
  • The Wrong Grave by Bob Bowman (from "All Things Historical")
    Among the towering monuments in the Texas State Cemetery -- the final resting place for Stephen F. Austin and other state titans -- lies the grave of John Alexander Greer of San Augustine, a Republic of Texas senator, a lieutenant governor, and a one-time candidate for governor. But in East Texas, where Greer spent his life, there is the lingering question if his bones really lie beneath his Austin tombstone.
  • Stephen Williams (From Patriots by Mike Cox)
    The final Revolutionary War veteran who fought for Texas was buried here.
  • Remembering Austin by Mike Cox
  • Bigfoot Wallace
  • John Troesser

    Related Topics:
    Austin, Texas
    Texas Cemeteries
    Texas People

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