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Texas | Columns | "Texas Tales"

Leaping Lovers

by Mike Cox
Mike Cox
Knowing their love can never be, the young couple stare at the swirling river far below. One last kiss, and then, holding hands, they leap off the cliff, united forever in death - and legend.

Texas has at least four landmarks known as Lover's Leaps, and probably more. Telling the story of the Lover's Leap at Junction, in 1916 J.E. Grinstead fell back on verse in his magazine, Grinstead's Graphic:

"Thus they stood a single moment,
On that rocky, towering heap;
Then, they named the place forever -
As they made the Lover's Leap."

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Waco Texas Lovers Leap
Lover's Leap in Waco
1906 photo courtesy texasoldphotos.com
The tales associated with precipices are touching, to be sure, but believing them takes a considerable leap of faith. Unrequited love has produced many a suicide, but jumping couples are far less common in fact than fiction.

Even so, mankind has been enthralled by Lover's Leap stories for a long time. Sappho of the Isle of Lesbos leaped into the Ionian Sea from a towering white rock because she had fallen in love with Phaon.

In another ancient story, Hero, a young priestess of Apollo, hurled herself into the sea when she learned of her lover Leander's death. Marlowe transformed Hero's story into poetry in the 16th century.

The basic story crossed the Atlantic to North America, then slowly moved west with the development of the continent. Americans westernized the tale in an interesting way: Instead of American girls and boys leaping from cliffs, most of the legends centered on the double suicide of Indians.

Why Indians? Some scholars have suggested the preoccupation came from the American desire to romanticize the displaced noble red man. In other words, we will take your land but give you some enduring legends.
Waco Texas Lovers Leap
Lover's Leap in Waco

Writing on the postcard: "This is a very interesting place, See how many people there are visiting it, I am not in the crowd. - H. S. T." Addressed to: Miss Nell Brown, Dallas

1908 photo courtesy texasoldphotos.com
The best known Lover's Leap in Texas is the cliff overlooking the Brazos River in Waco's Cameron Park. It's such a well known landmark that there's a church named after it - Lover's Leap Baptist. (No, this column is not a work of fiction. Check the Waco phone book.)

As one early account summarized the story of this spot, "Here an Indian brave and his sweetheart jumped to their death because their parents would not let them marry."

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Mount Bonnell stone marker
Mount Bonnell stone marker
TE photo, 7-2001
A hundred miles south of Waco, Austin's Lover's Leap is Mount Bonnell. Austin being notable for doing things its own, weird way, the story here is backward.

The woman who plunges to her doom from Mount Bonnell, a prominent feature above the Colorado River, is one Antonette, a European woman captured by the Comanches from the Spanish settlement of San Antonio. When her lover came to rescue her from the Indians, they killed him. Seeing that, Antonette opted for death.

The Austin story may be Texas' oldest example of a variety of the Lover's Leap legend. Newspaper writer and novelist James Burchett Ransom told the story for the first time in "Antonette's Leap and the Death of Legrand, or, A legend of the Colorado," in the Austin Gazette of March 18, 1840.

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View of Austin from Mount Bonnell
A view of Austin from Mount Bonnell
TE photo, 7-2001

West Texas has two Lover's Leaps. One is the precipice two miles from Junction in Kimble County, first written about by Grinstead.

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Texas' least-known Lover's Leap is a cliff on the Devil's River. Again, the story here is a little different: An overly-protective Indian chief and his warriors attacked the chief's daughter and her lover, both of them having fallen out of tribal favor.

The smitten couple leaped to their death in the river just ahead of dad and his friends. The chief got to the bluff just in time to see the love-sick couple sink beneath the water for the final time. At that, the chief called out that this must be the Devil's river and dropped dead, taken by a guilty conscience-induced heart attack.

Of course, Indians of long ago did not practice Christianity and had no concept of hell. In truth, Texas Ranger Capt. Jack Hays is credited with giving the Devil's River its name, but that's another story.
(See The Naming of Devils River by Mike Cox)


Mike Cox - May 12, 2004 column
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Forum:
Subject: Lovers' Leaps

Just read Mike Cox's story on lovers' leaps in Texas. There used to be a 5th. It was a rise just east of East Avenue in Austin, across from where the Austin police station stands at E. 6th & Interregional. This rise was maybe 30 feet high, no more, & it was topped with a sort of concrete platform with a decorative concrete railing around it. It was known locally as 'Lovers' Leap' but no one seemed to know why. It was demolished & the mound leveled in '53 or '54 when what was then East Avenue, the original east city limit of Austin, was turned into the first stretch of Interstate highway built in the country. Yes, Brown & Root got the contract.

As a sidenote, the Interstate system was the brainchild of President Eisenhower. It was patterned after the autobahnen in Germany. When Ike saw how efficiently the Germans used the autobahnen to move troops & equipment, he decided the US needed a similar highway system. The actual name of the Interstate system is the 'National Defense Highway System,' & all initial construction is financed by the Department of Defense.

When the first stretch was completed, in Austin, Brown & Root had to go back & tear out all the underpasses & lower the road. They'd cut corners & the underpasses weren't low enough to allow the largest truck-carried missiles to pass under them.

As late as the mid-60s, Austin had the only railroad grade crossing on an Interstate in the country. It used to tie up traffic every morning as a slow freight crossed the Interstate just north of where the Hancock Shopping Center is now.

The center is built on what was originally the back 9 of the old Austin Country Club. The Hancock Recreation Center at 41st & Red River was the front 9.

At the time 38 1/2 street stopped on both sides of Waller Creek and there was a footbridge at Waller Creek. There was a la llorona story about that footbridge when I was a kid living on 42nd, but we didn't call it la llorona. We had a story about a crazy woman with a lantern who used to go to the footbridge & call for her children, who supposedly drowned in Waller Creek. Austin's la llorona was 'the donkey lady' on deep East 6th. - C. F. Eckhardt, June 08, 2006

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