modern times, battles begin with precision air strikes. In the 19th
century, battles began with stirring speeches.
Sometime in the early 1900s, the Beeville Picayune published
the talk Captain Mosley Baker supposedly gave to the men of his company
Jacinto on April 21, 1836. According to the newspaper, John S.
Menefee, who served in Baker's outfit, furnished the text to Col.
Asa C. Hill of Live Oak County. Hill, in turn, gave it to the Picayune.
Menefee died in 1884, but Hill lived on into the 20th century. He
was one of six veterans of the Texas Revolution photographed on the
grounds of La Bahia Mission in Goliad
on April 21, 1906 - 70 years after the defeat of Santa Anna. Hill
probably embellished the speech, but Baker definitely made a talk
that spring afternoon.
Jacinto veteran Creed Taylor recalled "hearing Mosley Baker as
he harangued his men in loud, unmistakable terms. The speech attracted
the attention of General Houston as he rode up and down the lines,
and he halted and sat quietly on his horse, listening…approvingly.
Captain Baker told his men neither to ask for nor to give quarter….This
met with approval and a large red handkerchief was hoisted on a pole
and carried into battle."
Capt. Robert Calder, commander of the next company over from Baker's,
later recalled: "Baker made a stirring appeal to the patriotism of
his men. Not being an orator, myself, I told my company to avail themselves
of Captain Baker's sentiments."
"You are now paraded to go in battle. For the past few weeks our greatest
desire has been to meet our foes in mortal combat, and that desire
is about to be gratified. I have confidence to believe that you will
do your duty and act like men worthy of freedom, but if there be one
who is not fully satisfied that he can face death unfalteringly he
is at liberty to remain at camp, for I do not wish my company disgraced
by a single act of cowardice.
"Yonder, within less than a mile is the tyrant, Santa Anna, with his
myrmidons, [obscure word meaning "a loyal follower…who follows orders
unquestionably or pitilessly"] who have overrun our country, destroyed
our property, put to flight our families and butchered in cold blood
many of our brave men.
"Remember, comrades, that we this day fight for all that is dear to
us on earth, our homes, our families and our liberty. He who would
not fight for these is not worthy of the name of man.
"Remember that this little army of less than 800 men is the last hope
of Texas, and with its defeat or dispersion, dies the cause of freedom
here and we will be regarded by the world as rash adventurers, but
should victory crown our efforts, of which I have but little doubt,
we can anticipate a riddance to the country of the oppressors, followed
by peace and prosperity, and in the further years when this broad,
beautiful and fertile land shall be occupied by millions of intelligent
and thrifty people who can appreciate the value of liberty, we will
be honored as the founders of a republic.
"Remember that Travis, Crockett, Bowie and their companions, numbering
one hundred and eighty-three of the bravest of brave men, stood a
siege of ten days against twenty times their number and fought till
the last man was killed, not one being left to tell the news or tell
"Remember that Fannin and four hundred volunteers were basely murdered
after they had capitulated as prisoners of war and sent to the United
"Remember you fight an enemy who gives no quarter, and regards neither
age nor sex. Recollect that your homes are destroyed; imagine your
wives and daughters trudging mud and water, and your children crying
for bread, and then remember that the author of all this woe is within
a short distance of us; that the arch fiend is now within our grasp;
and that the time has come at last for us to avenge the blood of our
fallen heroes and to teach the haughty dictator that Texans can not
be conquered and that they can and will be free. Then nerve yourselves
for the battle, knowing that our cause is just and we are in the hands
of an All-wise Creator and as you strike the murderous blow let your
watchwords be "Remember Goliad!
Remember the Alamo!"
knows how accurately Menefee reconstructed Baker's talk for Hill.
It's mighty eloquent for extemporaneous exposition. Not only that,
Baker seems to have had clairvoyant abilities.
His reference to "millions of intelligent and thrifty people" in Texas
seems highly visionary. It also seems unlikely that Baker would have
known a body count for the Alamo
so soon after its fall. Too, he had the length of the siege wrong.
It lasted 13 days, not 10.
Still, there's no doubt that Baker exhorted his men before the battle.
In fact, Baker just may have been the source for Texas'
most famous bumper sticker, "Remember the Alamo."
© Mike Cox
- April 11, 2006 column
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