War I was known as: “The war to end all wars.” As with any war,
it was a horrible experience for all those involved. Memories of death
and mutilation stay with an individual for a lifetime; something they
A Gonzales County
boy, Courtney C. Buchanan, served with the 36th Infantry Division
in World War I and some
of the letters that he wrote home to his family and friends were published
in The Gonzales Inquirer.
According to his letters, Buchanan was involved in the deadly trench
warfare against the Germans in France. Coming out of the trenches
to assault the enemy was known as: “Going over the top.” This often
meant facing a hail of machine gun and sniper fire in the beginning—only
to have it end in bloody hand-to-hand combat.
Mr. Buchanan’s letter touched me personally because my Dad served
with the 36th Infantry Division from 1940 to 1941 before he was reassigned
to other units until the end of World
War II. I was in the Texas Army National Guard assigned to the
“36th” at Angleton,
Texas, from 1960 to 1965.
The following letter appeared in The Gonzales Inquirer in January
The Gonzales Inquirer - January 23, 1919 —
Bernou, France, Nov. 30, 1918. To: Mr. and Mrs. E.B. Buchanan — Dear
Bro. and Sister: For the first time, I can tell you where we are located.
We have been here two days after making a sixteen days hike across
the country directly from the front.
We went over the top the morning of Oct. 8, a time that will long
be remembered and the beginning of the reputation that was made by
the 36th Division. We relieved the 2nd Marines and were asked if we
had ever been under shell fire and where, we told them we had not.
They laughed at us and said we could do nothing as it was the hardest
front at that time.
Well, you know that wasn’t very good news to a bunch of men their
first time over, but it only took a few minutes to show what we could
They [2nd Marines] started over the top with us to get us started
and when they went to the rear, they said the 36th Division had more
grit and less sense than any that had gone over. We went into our
positions the night of Oct. 7th with Boche snipers and sharpshooters
all about us and hard to locate because we were fighting in the Argonne
forest and they would camouflage themselves in trees.
As we followed the infantry we saw many dead and wounded. In a number
of places I stepped from one dead to another who had crossed a sniper’s
path. I have seen many killed—from a rifle ball just through the head
to an artillery shell that would leave only small pieces and sometime
it was impossible to even find the identification tag.
You cannot imagine the feeling that came to my heart when you spoke
of mother, thinking of her boy in far-away France, battling with the
treacherous Hun. I know she is worrying and can’t help it, for she
is like all mothers though she is more lucky than most, she has her
son alive and the war over. There is many a mother who will never
see her precious son again.
In going over the top I have seen many sights. I have seen the ground
covered with mother’s boys of all flags and different colored uniforms,
khaki, blue, green and gray, boys who never knew what hit them and
who died in pain and agony.
Just imagine yourself going down a hill into a valley swept by enemy
machine guns and rifle fire, snipers firing from every direction and
artillery shells of all sizes from three to sixteen inch bursting
all around you (believe me when a 16 inch hits it leaves some trace).
I will be able to tell you lots of things that have happened when
I see you. I think I shall be back very soon if nothing happens. Well,
it is late so I must close. So bye-bye.
Your brother, Pvt. Courtney C. Buchanan
Montgomery April 7, 2012 column