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OLD OCEAN, TEXAS

Brazoria County, Texas Gulf Coast
Highways 35 and 524
5 Miles NW of Sweeny
7 Miles W of West Columbia
22 Miles W of Angleton
Population: 915 est. (2000)

Old Ocean, Texas Area Hotels
West Columbia Hotels

History in a Sea Shell

In 1824 the site was granted to Joseph H. Polley and Samuel Chance and was first called Chance’s Prairie. Three miles S of Chance’s Prairie was Old Ocean Lake. William B. Sweeny, the namesake of Sweeny, Texas arrived in the county in 1832. He and his family and a huge number of slaves (estimated at 250) settled on land adjoining Polley and Chance's grant. Sweeny bought over 2,300 acres of land from the partners for less than $1 an acre.

After the Civil War, a post office was set up in the John Sweeny’s plantation’s commissary. Despite the number of people in the region, Chance's Prairie had only 18 residents in 1880. In the mid 1930s oil was discovered and a federal refinery was built. It was called Old Ocean, and the name was adopted by the community in 1936. After WWII the refinery closed.

By 1947 the population had risen to 800 residents and in the mid 1960s it surpassed 1,000, declining to 900 by the early 1970s. The figure of 915 residents has been used from the 1970s through the 2000 census.
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Old Ocean, Texas
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This page last modified: December 17, 2010