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    MEXIA, TEXAS

    Limestone County, North Central Texas
    Highways 84, 14 and 171
    12 miles N of Groesbeck
    30 miles S of Corsicana
    43 miles E of Waco

    Population: 6,563(2000) 6,933 (1990)

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    The First Presbyterian Church in  Mexia, Texas
    The First Presbyterian Church in Mexia

    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, August 2005
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    History in a Pecan Shell

    Named for the Mexa family, whose ownership dates to 1833, things were pretty quiet in these parts until the railroad arrived. Mexia was platted in 1870 by the Houston and Texas Central Townsite Company, a sister company of the Houston and Texas Central Railroad. Lots went on sale in 1871 when the tracks between Hearne and Groesbeck were still under contstruction. A post office was granted in 1872, and Mexia was incorporated the following year.

    By 1880 Mexia had a sizeable population of 1,800 with four schools and three churches. By 1885 the population was up to 2,000 residents. The Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway built through between 1904 and 1906 - connecting Hillsboro and Houston, and making making Mexia a railroad crossroads.

    In 1912 a large natural gas deposit was discovered by the Mexia Gas and Oil Company. Oil was discovered in 1920, creating an instant boomtown that rivaled the boom in Ranger. From just 3,482 people the population exploded to an estimated 35,000 in 1922, causing martial law to be (briefly) declared.

    After the initial boom, the population decreased to a more manageable 10,000 by the mid-20s, but the onset of the Great Depression forced people to leave Mexia to find greener pastures. The population stabilized around 6,500 in the early 1930s, but the number of businesses reported fell by one third. A German Prisoner of War Camp was built in Mexia in 1942. (See WWII) The population was given as 6,618 in the early 1950s, not far from today's figure of just under 7,000.
    St. Mary's Catholic Church , Mexia, Texas
    St. Mary's Catholic Church

    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, August 2005
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    The Mexia Theater, Mexia , Texas
    The Mexia Theater

    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, April 2006
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    Mexia , Texas old Coca-Cola and Laundry sign
    An old Coca-Cola and laundry sign

    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, April 2006
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    People
  • Alfonso Steele - Last Texas survivor of the battle of San Jacinto
  • Mexia Texas Forum

    Subject: Thank You to Mexia
    Dear TE, Many Many years ago, I lived in Mexia, and have very fond memories of how good and community-minded the people were. I now live in a big town in New Jersey, and it is much different here. I am not a native, but my daughter is a Mexia native. When I became ill one year, all the churches First United Methodist, and the Presbyterian Church, and First Baptist Church all got together and made suppers for me till I got better. These things never go forgotten. One day I will take my daughter back to Mexia and show her the house she spent her first three years. Thank you. - Judi Blau, New Jersey, November 29, 2006

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    Corsicana
    Waco
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