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STERLING COUNTY, TEXAS

31 49' 12" N, 101 3' 0" W (31.82, -101.05)

Sterling County Topics

  • History
  • Town List
  • Vintage Maps
  • Sterling County TX
    Contiguous Counties:
    Mitchell County (N) Coke County (E) Tom Green County (S) Reagan County (SW) Glasscock County (W) Howard County (NW)

    Sterling County History

    Historical Marker (on courthouse grounds):

    STERLING COUNTY


    This prairie region split by the north Concho River is old Comanche, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Lipan, and Wichita hunting ground. Possibly it was crossed by six or so Spanish explorations between 1540 and 1654. In the 1860s and 70s, Anglo-Americans hunted buffalo commercially in this area. An 1860s hunter, Capt. W. S. Sterling, had a dugout home on the creek that bears his name. In the 1870s, bandits Frank and Jesse James kept horse herds on a tributary of Sterling Creek. In 1874 the United States Army occupied Camp Elizabeth, a Fort Concho outpost hospital, about ten miles west of here. Ranchers from other counties began to bring in large cattle herds in the 1870s, to capitalize on free grass. After keeping out small herds for a time, they permitted actual settlers to share the range. Family men staked land claims, grew crops in the valleys, and opened stores, schools, and post offices. On March 4, 1891, on the petition of 150 citizens, the county was created out of part of Tom Green County, and named for its first regular resident. Sterling City became the county seat. Petroleum production has been important to the economy since the 1950s; yet the land essentially remains range country, grazed by cattle and sheep.
    1976


    Sterling County Courthouse

    Sterling County Jail
    TX - Sterling County Courthouse
    Sterling County Courthouse
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson

    Sterling County Town List

    Cities, Towns & Ghost Towns: History, attractions, landmarks, architecture, monuments, museums, cemeteries, bridges, parks, vintage & contemporary images, area destinations, hotels, and forum.

    County Seat - Sterling City
    Book Hotel Here - San Angelo Hotels | Big Spring Hotels
  • Broome ghost town
  • Cummins ghost town
  • Montvale ghost town
  • Sterling City County seat

  • Sterling County Vintage Maps
    Sterling County TX 1907 postal map
    From 1907 Texas state map #2090 showing Sterling County
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office
    Sterling  County TX 1920s map
    From 1920 Texas state map #10749 showing Sterling County
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office
    Sterling  County TX 1940s map
    From 1940 Texas state map #4335 showing Sterling County
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office

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