through marketing special Sydney Smith badges, the fountain was
made to honor the captain and his contributions. It stands twelve
feet high, weighs five tons, and has a diameter of thirty-five feet.
The bronze centerpiece depicts a mother and three daughters, each
figure symbolizing a different feature of Texas. The mother represents
the plains, the girl on the right stands for the mountains, and
the one on the left lying down refers to the Gulf. The winged figure
symbolizes the gulf cloud, which will eventually provide rain for
The centerpiece was the work of sculptor Clyde Chandler,
a native of Indiana who moved with her family to Dallas
in 1886. Ten years later, she attended the Massachusetts Normal
Art School in Boston. When she left school, Clyde returned to Dallas
began teaching freehand drawing at St. Mary's College. The Dallas
Art Association gave her a scholarship in 1903, which she used to
study at the Art Institute in Chicago, Illinois under the guidance
of artist Lorado Taft. After traveling with him to Italy, she began
work as a sculptor. Clyde once again returned to Dallas,
but she also had a residence in Chicago. After completing The Gulf
Cloud, the sculptor permanently moved to her northern home.
© Clint Skinner
All the pictures that are not mine are either public domain or creative
commons. I provided the photographer's name.