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 Texas : Towns A-Z / East Texas : Neches

NECHES, TEXAS

Anderson County, East Texas
Highway 79 and FMs 321 and 2574
11 miles NE of Palestine
14 miles SW of Jacksonville
40 miles SW of Tyler
4 miles from Neches River

Population: 276 Est. (2000) 114 (1990)

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J.B. McDonald & Son, Neches, Texas downtown stores
Downtown Neches. Notice the sign of "J.B. McDonald & Son"
Photo Courtesy Lori Martin, 2005
History in a Pecan shell

J. J. Davis and Murdock McDonald, local landowners, donated the land for a townsite and depot when the International-Great Northern Railroad arrived in 1872.

A post office was opened about the same time - listed on the post office department rolls as "Nechesville."

Neches had a population of 100 by 1884 with a school and all essential businesses (including two steam sawmills and a Masonic lodge).

Just after the Civil War, the nearby Stovall Academy moved into town and was renamed the Neches Normal Institute. This later became Neches High School.

By 1890 Neches had an estimated population of 400 people. The town officially changed its name from Nechesville to Neches in 1892.

Neches had a population of 261 in 1900, reaching 400 in the 1920s and 1930s. By 1939 it had reached its zenith at 900 townspeople (estimate).

Increased mobility after WWII took a toll on the population. By 1949 it was down to just 280 and it has declined further to a mere 111 in 1970.
Methodist Church in Neches, Texas
Neches Methodist Church
Photo Courtesy Lori Martin
Neches, Texas former gas station
A former gas station in Neches.
2000 Photo Courtesy Lori Martin
Neches, Texas former store
A former store
2000 Photo Courtesy Lori Martin
Main street Neches Texas
Main street Neches seen from the other side of the tracks.
Photo courtresy Terry Jeanson, July 2007
Neches TX founder Murdoch McDonald historical Marker
Historical marker for Murdoch McDonald, the founder of Neches.
Photo courtresy Terry Jeanson, July 2007

Neches Texas Forum

Subject: Colorful Days of Old Neches
... During the early '30's, a fire broke out across the tracks from what is now downtown Neches. Neches used to be twice as large, but the fire burned half the town... more - Roxanna Posey, Canton, TX, September 06, 2006

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