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Jefferson County TX
Jefferson County

Beaumont Hotels

 


NEDERLAND, TEXAS

Jefferson County, Texas Gulf Coast / East Texas

29°58'23"N 93°59'48"W (29.973113, -93.996715)
U.S. Highway 69/96/287 and FMs 365 and 366
7 Miles SE of Beaumont
Population: 17,547 (2010) 17, 422 (2000) 16,192 (1990)

Nederland, Texas Area Hotels > Beaumont Hotels
Nederland Texas Windmill
Nederland Windmill
TE photo, 2003
History in a Pecan Shell

Railroad magnate Arthur E. Stilwell brought the railroad to Port Arthur in the 1890s. It was Stilwell’s pet project and it was partially funded by Dutch investors. His plan was to entice Dutch immigrants to Texas and what better way than to name the place after the homeland?

The first Dutch settler arrived in 1897 and as others arrived, they set their hands to dairy farming and vegetable growing. Many started growing rice – an unlikely crop for Dutchmen but one that was gaining in popularity, having been introduced just a few years earlier. But rice proved too successful and an economic slump and overspeculation all but destroyed the industry at Nederland. Many disillusioned immigrants left.

The discovery of oil at Spindletop gave Nederland another chance at prosperity. Two oil terminals were set up close to the city limits. In 1913 the community was connected to Beaumont and Port Arthur by Interurban service.

Telephone and electrical service soon followed. The building of oil infrastructure continued with refineries literally being built “left and right.” The demand for workers brought legions of Louisianans to the area.

In the 1930s Nederland acquired it’s first weekly newspaper. Oil kept the community prosperous through the Great Depression and by 1940 the population was nearing 4,000 residents.

By 1970 the population had leaped to over 16,000 and has stabilized at just over that figure for the 2000 census.
Nederland Texas Pharmacy
Nederland Pharmacy
TE photo, 2003
Texas Refineries
TE photo

Nederland, Texas Chronicles

  • Tulip Transplants To East Texas:
    The Dutch Migration To Nederland, Texas, 1895-1915
    by W.T. Block
    To the East Texas of 1900, whose non-native population can be delineated as the overflow of the Anglo-Saxon Lower South, a Dutch colonization scheme must have appeared somewhat phenomenal. To the promoters...

  • TX - Jefferson County 1907 postal map
    Jefferson County 1907 postal map showing The Neches River, Sabine Lake,
    Nederland, Port Arthur, Beaumont, Orange and Sabine Pass

    Courtesy Texas General Land Office

    In Memory of
    W.T. Block, Jr.

    Nederland, Texas is the hometown of historian W.T. Block, Jr.

    See "Cannonball's Tales"
    by W.T. Block, Jr.
    Columns on SE Texas and SW Louisiana

    Nederland, Texas Area Destinations:
    Port Arthur | Beaumont | Orange
    See Jefferson County | Texas Gulf Coast

    Book Hotel Here:

    Beaumont Hotels | Port Arthur Hotels | More Hotels
    Texas Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history and vintage/historic photos, please contact us.


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