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TEXARKANA, USA

On the Arkansas / Texas State Line

Home of Texarkana Community College
and Texas A&M U, Texarkana.

Bowie County, East Texas / Miller County, Arkansas

33 26' 14" N, 94 4' 3" W (33.437222, -94.0675)

I-30 and Hwys 59, 67, 71, and 82
116 miles NE of Tyler
178 miles E of Dallas
795 miles E of El Paso
West of Little Rock, Arkansas
Population (Texas side):
36,411 (2010) 34,782 (2000) 31,656 (1990)

Book Hotel Here > Texarkana Hotels


Texarkana Downtown State Line Street Scene
Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
State Line Avenue
Contemporary and Vintage Photos

Texarkana Topics of Interest:

History in a Pecan Shell
Texarkana Lankmarks & Attractions


  • Texarkana Monuments & Statues
  • U.S. Post Office and Courthouse next page
  • The Perot Theatre, Formerly The Saenger Theatre next page
  • Texarkana Churches next page
  • Texarkana Union Station next page
  • McCartney Hotel next page
  • McCartney Hotel - A Look Inside Texarkana's Ten-Story Ghost next page
  • Hotel Grim next page
  • Texarkana Signage next page
  • State Line Avenue next page
  • Texarkana Architecture next page
  • Earl-Rochelle House next page
  • Scott Joplin Mural

  • Texarkana - US Post Office and Courthouse
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2010
    U.S. Post Office and Courthouse



    History in a Pecan Shell

    Texarkana is comprised of two separate municipalities, with separate mayors and two sets of city officials. Fire departments, restaurant inspection, and sewage departments cooperate.

    The name is a composite of Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas, although the Louisiana line is some 30 miles south.

    The three most popular legends concerning the origin of the name are :
    1. After a steamboat on the Red River that had been using the name circa 1860.
    2. A product called Texarkana Bitters that was manufactured in Northern Louisiana.
    3. The name was coined by a railroad surveyor who was so proud of his brainchild that he erected a sign.

    Pre-Columbian settlement of the area reveals a heavy population. Within a thirty-mile radius of of Texarkana there are said to be seventy Caddo Indian mounds.

    Modern times began with the town being established in late 1873 - the same day the first business opened. Real development began when the Texas and Pacific Railroad (running East to West) met the Cairo and Fulton Railroad (running North to South). The T & P took the responsibility of platting much of downtown.

    The state legislature granted the city a charter in 1876.

    State Line Avenue was laid out along the line between the two states. At first the post office was on the Arkansas side, but when Texas residents wanted one of their own, it was built and for awhile there were two separate facilities. The name was officially changed to Texarkana, Arkansas-Texas and eventually postmarks bore the imprint of Texarkana, U.S.A. The Federal Building consisting of a courthouse and post office has the distinction of being the only Federal building situated in two states. It has, for years been the subject of postcards and even today a photographer's island is provided for tourists.

    The Texas side of Texarkana had a population of 11,480 by 1925. The Texas side of the city has historically held the larger population. The railroads were historically the major employers of the area.

    Texarkana's most famous son was Ragtime composer Scott Joplin.

    Texarkana Lankmarks & Attractions


    James Bowie
    Monuments & Statues:

    James Bowie Centennial Statue

    Confederate Mothers Monument
    Confederate Mothers Monument
    Otis Henry Memorial.


    The Otis Henry Memorial
    Rose Hill Cemetery

    World War I Memorial


    Texarkana - Perot Theatre, Formerly The Saenger Theatre
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    The Perot Theatre,
    Formerly The Saenger Theatre

    National Register of Historic Places
    Recorded Texas Historic Landmark

    Texarkana TX - Age Of Clubs House Museum
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Ace of Clubs House Museum
    1885 Italianate-Victorian house. Period furnishings.
    420 Pine Street. Admission. 903-793-4831

    Texarkana Tx - Texarkana Historical Society and Museum
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Texarkana Historical Society and Museum
    219, State Line Avenue
    First (1879) brick building in Texarkana

    Texarkana TX - Old US Courthouse, Regional Arts Center
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Regional Arts Center
    In the former US District Courthouse, circa 1909.
    Fourth St. & Texas Blvd. Downtown.
    903-792-8681
    More Texas Museums

    Texarkana Tx - St. James Episcopal Church
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2010
    Texarkana Churches

    Texarkana AK-TX -Union Station architectural details
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2009
    Texarkana Union Station

    Texarkana Tx - Scott Joplin Mural
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2010
    Scott Joplin Mural
    Downtown. Third & Main Sts.
    Texarkana's most famous son was Ragtime composer Scott Joplin.

    Texarkana Tx - Scott Joplin Mural
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2010

    Texarkana - McCartney Hotel Across From Depot
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, June 2010
    Texarkana's McCartney Hotel
    By James Ramsey

    A Look Inside Texarkana's Ten-Story Ghost
    By Ken Rudine
    Interior of the McCartney Hotel

    Texarkana Tx - Hotel Grim Sign
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, April 2009
    Hotel Grim

    Texarkana TX signage
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Texarkana Signage
    Ghost signs, Old neon...

    Texarkana Tx - Triangle Building
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2010
    Texarkana Architecture

    Texarkana - Earl-Rochelle House
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Earl-Rochelle House
    Recorded Texas Historic Landmark

    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Texarkana Kansas City Southern Railroad Bridge
    Red River
    More Texas Bridges | Texas Rivers

    More Texarkana Attractions
  • The Discovery Place - Displays geared for children. 215 Pine Street. Admission. 903-793-4831.
  • Oaklawn Opry - Country/Western music. 903-838-3333
  • Texarkana Fun Park - 3 miles north of I-30 on North State Line Rd.
  • Wright Patman Lake

    Book Hotel Here › Texarkana Hotels

    Texarkana Tourists Information
    Texas Travel Information Center
    On I-30 west of US 59.
    Operated by Texas Department of Transportation

    Texarkana Chamber of Commerce
    819 State Line Ave.
    P.O. Box 1468, Texarkana, TX 75504
    Phone (903) 792-7191
    http://www.texarkana.org/



  • Texarkana, Texas Area Towns:
    Jefferson | Marshall | Longview | Mount Pleasant
    See Bowie County | East Texas

    Book Hotel Here:
    Texarkana Hotels | More Hotels

    Texas Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history and recent or vintage/historic photos, please contact us.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     


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