History in a Pecan
ShellThe town of
Longworth appeared in 1902. Its name was an adaptation of the Long Ranch which
subdivided its vast holdings in 1907. The small tracts of farmland were advertised
in Northern newspapers (as was the custom) and many of the buyers were Bohemian
immigrants who transmigrated from Pennsylvania.
The Kansas City, Mexico
and Orient Railroad arrived the same year (1907) that the ranch subdivived and
may have been a factor. Gypsum deposits were discovered a few years later near
Plasterco and many of Longworth’s residents found work processing the gypsum.
In the mid 1920s more deposits were discovered much closer to Longworth.
on the town in the Great Depression and WWII
is not available but after the war Longworth was left with a respectable 200 residents
and at least five businesses. As most small towns in Texas,
the postwar boom did more harm to the town. It declined to just 65 residents and
that number has been used through the 2000 census.
Longworth was suggested
for inclusion by Charles M. Thompson who wrote: “I was checking out [your magazine]
and found that a small town in West Texas that we lived in back in the early 1930's
is not listed. The name of the town was Longworth, in Fisher County. When we lived
there my dad was manager of the local lumber yard. I attended school there through
the third grade. There were several small businesses there along with a Santa
Fe Railroad station and agent. There was also a Union church. I would guess the
population was about 150 or so.”
County Texas 1907 Postal Map showing Longworth
Courtesy Texas General Land Office
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