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TUSCOLA, TEXAS

Taylor County, Panhandle / North Central Texas

3212'33"N 9947'50"W (32.209060, -99.797126)

Highway 83 and FM 613
19 miles S of Abilene
6 miles NW of Lawn
6 miles SE of Buffalo Gap
ZIP code 79562
Area code 325
Population: 739 Est. (2019)
742 (2010) 714 (2000) 620 (1990)

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Antique store in Tuscola Texas
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2007

History in a Pecan Shell

Originally the community was several miles west of its present location. Local residents formed schools in the late 1870s but it wasn't until 1884 that they formed a district. The Jim Ned Independent School District was named after a Delaware Indian chief who had served as a scout with the Texas Militia. He was also the namesake of nearby Jim Ned Creek.

In the late 1890s one John L. Graham donated land for a school, church and several businesses and he himself opened a store (with partner David Cole). Illinois native Clarence Cash named the town after his former residence back home. Cash's suggested name was well received and in April, 1899 a post office opened under the name Tuscola.

The Abilene and Southern Railway arrived in 1907 and three years later the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe arrived. As a railroad crossroads, Tuscola's future seemed bright. In 1912 a large two-story school was built as well as an auditorium. The population was a reported 300 people in 1913 and Tuscola had two fraternal lodges in town as well as four churches, a newspaper and bank.

By the late 1920s the town's population reached 500 citizens, only to quickly decline with the arrival of the Great Depression.

The population went back to 300 but slowly increased back to nearly 500 by the mid 1950s. The Tuscola ISD merged with Cedar Gap, Ovalo, and Bradshaw schools to form the South Taylor County ISD. When nearby Lawn joined this district the name was changed to the Jim Ned District. The 1912 school was replaced in the 1970s.

Tuscola Methodist Church, Texas
Tuscola Methodist Chuch
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2007

Closed Presbyterian Church in Tuscola Texas
The First Presbyterian Church, now closed
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2007

First Presbyterian Church cornerstone, Tuscola Texas
The First Presbyterian Church cornerstone
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2007
More Texas Churches

Architectural detail, Tuscola Texas
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2007



Taylor County Towns

County Seat - Abilene
Book Hotel Here - Abilene Hotels

Abilene County Seat
Bradshaw ghost town
Buffalo Gap First County seat
Caps
Elmdale ghost town
Guion ghost town
Hamby
Impact
Lawn
Merkel
Moro ghost town
Mount Pleasant ghost town
Nubia ghost town
Potosi
Ovalo
Shep ghost town
Trent
Tuscola
Tye
View
Wylie

Contiguous Counties:
Jones County (N) Shackelford County (NE)
Callahan County (E) Coleman County (SE)
Runnels County (S) Nolan County (W)
Mitchell County (NW)


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