in a Pecan Shell
town that depended on river commerce, Sabinetown was located where
Gaucho Creek joined the Sabine
River. The townsite, which had been surveyed in 1839 was built
on land donated by Shadrach Morris.
It soon became a shipping point for cotton
and in addition to primary businesses, Sabinetown had a customs house,
warehouses, a hotel, a clock factory (!) and a trading post for commerce
with the Cherokee Indians.
During the Civil War, Sabinetown was fortified for the inevitable
invasion by the Union Navy, an action that was thwarted by Dick
Dowling and his handful of volunteers at Sabine
The town declined with the fall of the Confederacy and the advances
of the railroads
into East Texas slowed
barge traffic considerably. It is said the last paddle-wheeled steamship
to leave Sabinetown was in the year 1897. Sabinetown’s post office
opened and closed periodically, closing its doors for good during
the Great Depression.
Bend Reservoir was built in the 1960s, nearly all of old Sabinetown
was submerged. Newer communities are found around the older site,
but only the 1936 Centennial
marker stands to serve as a memorial for the historic community.
"S. H. Morris sold 200 acres of his land grant in the 1830s for
the establishment of the town of Sabine. Businesses included a post
office, customs house, wagon factory, brick kiln and a tanning yard.
The Sabine Town Cemetery contains 18 known graves; Mary Jane Scott's
is the earliest recorded burial in 1842. The graveyard was in use
until 1907; Harry C. Maunds is the last recorded burial. In 1970 the
James Frederick Gomer Chapter of the Daughters of the Republic of
Texas in Hemphill took over maintenance of the site.
| 1907 Sabine
County Postal Map showing Sabinetown
(E of Hemphill. Above "E"
Courtesy Texas General Land Office
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