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SABINE COUNTY, TEXAS

31° 20' 24" N, 93° 51' 0" W

Sabine County Topics

  • History
  • Town List
  • Vintage Maps
  • Sabine County
    Contiguous Counties:
    Shelby County (N), Sabine Parish, Louisiana (E), Newton County (S), Jasper County (SW), San Augustine County (W)

    Sabine County History

    Historical Marker:

    SABINE COUNTY

    Sabine County, one of the original 23 Texas counties, is on the eastern border of Texas. It is bound by and named for the Sabine River, which separates the state from Louisiana. Originally, the Ais tribe of the Caddo Indians lived in the area. By the early 1700s, Spanish explorers passed through the county. By 1825, the Mexican government had established the district of Sabine, which became an entry point for U.S. Settlers immigrating into Texas, including Stephen F. Austin. In 1837, after the War for Texas Independence, the new government formed Sabine County. Milam served as the county seat until 1858, when Hemphill was established for that role as a more centrally located community.

    Timber harvesting and production has been the primary industry in heavily-forested Sabine County since around 1880. At that time, logs were floated down the Sabine River to large saw mills in Orange County. The railroads also had a major economic impact beginning in 1903, when the Gulf, Beaumont & Great Northern Railroad Company began operation of a railway segment in Sabine County. The population steadily increased until the Great Depression, which had a long-lasting effect on the area. Sabine County was without banking service from 1933 until 1944. Many families moved from the county to search for jobs, leading to steep decline in population. In the 1960s, work began on the Toledo Bend Reservoir, one of the largest man-made lakes in the U.S. Completion of the reservoir in the late 1960s led to a boost in the county’s population. In 2010, approximately 10,000 residents lived in historic Sabine County.
    2010

    Sabine County Courthouse
    Sabine County Courthouse
    Sabine County Courthouse
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey

    Sabine County Town List

    Cities, Towns & Ghost Towns: History, attractions, landmarks, architecture, monuments, museums, cemeteries, bridges, parks, vintage & contemporary images, area destinations, hotels, and forum.

    County Seat - Hemphill
    Area Hotel - San Augustine Hotels | More Hotels
  • Bayou ghost town
  • Bronson
  • Fairmount ghost town
  • Geneva ghost town
  • Hemphill County seat
  • Milam
  • Pineland
  • Rosevine
  • Sabinetown ghost town
  • Shacklefoot ghost town
  • Time ghost town
  • Yellowpine

  • Sabine County Vintage Maps
    TX - Sabine  County 1907 postal map
    From 1907 Texas state map #2090 showing Sabine County
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office
    TX Sabine   County 1920s Map
    From 1920 Texas state map #10749 showing Sabine County
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office
    TX Sabine County 1940s Map
    From 1940 Texas state map #4335 showing Sabine County
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office

    More Texas Counties

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