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HARRISON COUNTY, TEXAS

Harrison County Topics

  • History
  • Town List
  • Vintage Maps
  • Harrison County TX

    Harrison County History

    Historical Marker (on Marshall courthouse grounds - Houston/ Washington St):

    HARRISON COUNTY
    The original inhabitants of this area were the Caddo Indians. Anglo settlers, mostly from the southern U. S., began arriving in the 1830s. Many obtained Mexican land grants in 1835, and population increased following Texas independence in 1836. The Republic of Texas Congress created Harrison County in 1839 and named it for Texas revolutionary leader Jonas Harrison (1777-1836). Marshall became the county seat in 1842.

    Harrison County was predominantly rural and agricultural, with cotton as the main crop. By 1850, it was the most populous, as well as one of the richest counties in antebellum Texas. A strong heritage of slavery prior to the Civil War and the influx of many former slaves after the war resulted in a large black population, as well. The Southern Pacific Railroad, which built a line into Marshall before the Civil War, became part of the Texas and Pacific Railway system in the 1870s, connecting Harrison County with communities to the east, west, and north. The railroad located its main shops and offices in Marshall, which soon became a major transportation center. The economic base of the county diversified by the 1940s and was no longer primarily agricultural.


    (1936 Centennial Marker in Marshall roadside park, US80, 5.9 miles E of US59 )

    HARRISON COUNTY
    Formed from Shelby County;
    created January 28, 1839;
    organized June 12, 1842.
    Named in honor of Jonas Harrison, a pioneer statesman of New Jersey, who came to Texas in 1820. A member of the First Convention of Texas held at San Felipe in 1832. Died in 1836.
    Marshall, the county seat. Named in honor of John Marshall, chief justice of the United States Supreme Court.

    Harrison County Courthouse
    Texas -Harrison County Courthouse
    Harrison County Courthouse
    Photo courtesy Terry Jeanson

    Harrison County Town List

    Cities, Towns & Ghost Towns: History, attractions, landmarks, architecture, monuments, museums, cemeteries, bridges, parks, vintage & contemporary images, area destinations, hotels, and forum.

    County Seat - Marshall
    Book Hotel Here - Marshall Hotels
  • Baldwin ghost town
  • Carterville
  • Darco
  • Elysian Fields
  • Gum Springs
  • Hallsville
  • Harleton
  • Jonesville
  • Karnack
  • Leigh
  • Lotta
  • Marshall county seat
  • Nesbitt
  • Noonday
  • Scottsville
  • Tallys ghost town
  • Uncertain
  • Walkers' Mill
  • Waskom
  • Woodlawn
  • Harrison  county TX 1882 map
    1882 map showing Harrison County
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office
    Harrison  county TX 1907 postal map
    Harrison County 1907 Post Map
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office
    Harrison  county TX 1920s map
    Harrison County 1920s Map
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office
    Harrison  county TX 1940s map
    Harrison County 1940s Map
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office
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